Do I Need to Hire an Immigration Lawyer for My U.S. Citizenship Application?

Do I Need to Hire an Immigration Lawyer for My U.S. Citizenship Application?

1. Purpose of the article

The purpose of this article is to provide a comprehensive guide to individuals seeking answers to the question: “Do I need to hire an immigration lawyer for my U.S. citizenship application?” By covering all relevant aspects of the citizenship application process and the role of an immigration lawyer, this article aims to offer valuable insights and guidance for individuals considering hiring a professional to assist them.

Importance of understanding the citizenship application process

Understanding the U.S. citizenship application process is crucial for applicants as it allows them to make informed decisions about the need for legal assistance. According to U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), approximately 7 percent of applications for naturalization are denied each year, which underscores the importance of proper preparation. Being knowledgeable about the process helps applicants avoid common pitfalls and can increase their chances of success.

In the words of immigration attorney Sophia Solovyova: “It is important for any prospective applicant for naturalization to understand that the law can be complicated, and that even small errors or omissions on their application can lead to delays or denials.

This article will explore the U.S. citizenship application process, the role of an immigration lawyer, factors to consider before hiring an attorney, alternatives to seeking legal representation, and more.


  1. USCIS - Common Reasons for Denial
  2. Solovyova Law - Why Hire an Immigration Attorney?

2. Understanding U.S. Citizenship Application Process

Eligibility Criteria for U.S. Citizenship

Before embarking on the citizenship application process, understanding the eligibility criteria is crucial. According to U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), applicants must meet the following requirements:

  1. Be at least 18 years old;
  2. Be a lawful permanent resident (green card holder) for at least five years, or three years if married to a U.S. citizen;
  3. Demonstrate continuous residence and physical presence in the United States;
  4. Have good moral character;
  5. Exhibit knowledge of English and U.S. history and government (civics);
  6. Swear allegiance to the United States.

Steps Involved in the Application Process

  • Completing Form N-400, Application for Naturalization

The first step towards U.S. citizenship is to complete Form N-400, Application for Naturalization. This form contains detailed questions about your background, residence, employment, marital history, and other relevant information. Providing accurate and complete information in the form is critical.

  • Biometrics Appointment and Background Check

After submitting Form N-400, applicants receive an appointment notice for biometrics. During the biometrics appointment, they have their fingerprints, photograph, and signature taken. USCIS then conducts a thorough background check, including an FBI criminal records review.

  • Citizenship Interview and Civics Test

Once the background check is complete, applicants attend a citizenship interview with a USCIS officer. During the interview, the officer reviews the applicant’s submitted Form N-400 and verifies the submitted information. Additionally, applicants must demonstrate their English reading, writing, and speaking skills.

The civics test is also administered during the interview, which consists of 10 questions out of a possible 100. To pass the test, applicants must answer at least six of 10 questions correctly.

  • Oath Ceremony

If an applicant passes the citizenship interview and civics test, they receive a notice to attend the Oath Ceremony. At this ceremony, applicants take the Oath of Allegiance to the United States, officially becoming American citizens. Following the ceremony, they receive their Certificate of Naturalization, marking their journey to U.S. citizenship complete.


  1. USCIS - Naturalization Eligibility Requirements
  2. USCIS - Form N-400, Application for Naturalization
  3. USCIS - Biometrics
  4. USCIS - English Test
  5. USCIS - Civics Test
  6. USCIS - Naturalization Oath of Allegiance

3. Role of an Immigration Lawyer

What Does an Immigration Lawyer Do?

An immigration lawyer serves as a legal representative, counselor, or advisor for individuals seeking guidance and assistance throughout the U.S. citizenship application process. They help clients in understanding complex immigration laws, ensuring compliance with various requirements, and advocating on their behalf before the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).

Benefits of Hiring an Immigration Lawyer

Immigration lawyers offer valuable advice and guidance to their clients, ensuring they fully understand the process and requirements. They can provide answers to specific questions, clarify any confusion or misconceptions, and help clients avoid common mistakes that might lead to delays or denial of their applications.

  • Error-Free Application

The assistance of an immigration lawyer can help applicants complete the Form N-400, Application for Naturalization accurately and thoroughly, thus minimizing the risk of errors or omissions. Such errors are one of the leading causes of delays in application processing or denial of citizenship requests.

  • Representation in Complex Cases

For applicants with complex immigration histories, such as criminal records, prior immigration violations, or previous application denials, an immigration lawyer is essential. They can provide the necessary legal representation and guidance to navigate these complexities and improve the likelihood of a successful outcome.

4. Factors to Consider Before Hiring an Immigration Lawyer

Complexity of Your Case

Before deciding to hire an immigration lawyer, consider the complexity of your case. Evaluate the presence of any factors that may complicate your citizenship application, such as:

  • Criminal history – Convictions or serious criminal offenses can create complications in the citizenship process.

  • Prior immigration violations – Applicants with a history of deportation, unlawful presence, or other immigration-related issues may face additional challenges.

  • Previous denials – Applicants who have been previously denied citizenship may benefit from the expertise of an immigration lawyer to address the issues that led to the denial.

Confidence in Navigating the Process on Your Own

If you feel confident in your ability to comprehend and navigate the citizenship application process, you may decide not to hire an immigration lawyer. However, if you have difficulty understanding legal jargon or find the process to be overwhelming, seeking legal assistance may be a wise choice.

Financial Resources

Hiring an immigration lawyer can be expensive. It’s essential to assess your financial resources and determine whether you can afford the legal fees associated with hiring an attorney. If the cost is prohibitive, consider alternatives such as non-profit organizations, legal clinics, or self-help resources.


  1. American Immigration Lawyers Association - Value of an AILA Immigration Lawyer
  2. USCIS - Common Reasons for Denial
  3. Avvo - Do You Need an Immigration Attorney?
  4. USCIS - Good Moral Character
  5. USCIS - Inadmissibility
  6. USCIS - Resubmitting an Application after Denial

5. Finding the Right Immigration Lawyer

Researching Potential Lawyers

Searching for the right immigration lawyer begins with thorough research. Consider asking for referrals from friends, family, or coworkers who have successfully navigated the citizenship process. Also, consult online resources such as the American Immigration Lawyers Association (AILA) directory, or websites like Avvo and Justia for immigration lawyer listings and profiles.

Reading Reviews and Testimonials

Online reviews and client testimonials provide valuable insights into the experiences of others. Consult popular review platforms such as Google Reviews, Yelp, or the lawyers’ professional websites to gain a better understanding of the quality of their services, professionalism, and communication skills.

Scheduling Consultations

Before making a decision, schedule consultations with multiple lawyers. During these meetings, discuss the specifics of your citizenship application, ask pertinent questions, and evaluate their expertise in handling cases like yours. Consultations provide an opportunity to gauge the attorney’s level of knowledge, communication style, and overall demeanor.

Comparing Fees and Services

Finally, compare the fees and the scope of services offered by each lawyer. Immigration lawyers charge various fees depending on factors like the complexity of the case and the attorney’s experience. Some might charge an hourly rate, while others prefer flat fees. Obtain a clear understanding of the fee structure and services included before making a decision.

6. Alternatives to Hiring an Immigration Lawyer

Non-profit Organizations

Some non-profit organizations and advocacy groups provide free or low-cost immigration services for individuals who cannot afford a private immigration attorney, such as the Immigrant Legal Advocacy Project (ILAP) or Catholic Legal Immigration Network (CLINIC).

Many law schools and universities have legal clinics that offer free or reduced-cost services for immigration cases, led by supervised law students under the guidance of experienced attorneys.

Self-help Resources

Finally, self-help resources are available for those considering handling their citizenship application independently. USCIS provides comprehensive information about the citizenship application process on their website. Additionally, online resources, such as immigration forums and blogs, allow individuals to ask questions and seek guidance.

7. Weighing the Pros and Cons

In conclusion, it’s essential to weigh the pros and cons of hiring an immigration attorney for your U.S. citizenship application. Consider factors such as the complexity of the case, possible legal obstacles, and financial resources.

Determining if an Immigration Lawyer is Necessary for Your Citizenship Application

Ultimately, the decision to hire an immigration lawyer for your citizenship application depends on your unique circumstances, confidence in managing the process on your own, and your ability to afford the services of an attorney.


  1. AILA - Immigration Lawyer Search
  2. Avvo - Find Immigration Lawyers
  3. Justia - Immigration Lawyers Directory
  4. Immigrant Legal Advocacy Project (ILAP)
  5. Catholic Legal Immigration Network (CLINIC)
  6. - Legal Help for Immigrants
  7. USCIS - Citizenship and Naturalization